Apparatus for electrostatic paint spraying
Paint spray gun
Nozzle assembly for HVLP spray gun
Air mixed type spray apparatus Patent #: 5435491
ApplicationNo. 11022425 filed on 12/21/2004
US Classes:239/296, Plural sets of gas jet orifices239/518, Deflector and terminal flow element239/526, Pistol grip type239/600Assembly or disassembly feature
ExaminersPrimary: Ganey, Steven J.
Attorney, Agent or Firm
Foreign Patent References
International ClassesB05B 7/04
DescriptionFIELD OF THE INVENTION
The invention relates to a nozzle arrangement for a paint spray gun, as well as the paint spray gun.
BACKGROUND TO THE INVENTION
A nozzle arrangement for a paint spray gun is described in German Utility Model G 90 01 265.8. The nozzle arrangement described in that document has a central outlet for the paint which can be closed with an axially extending pin. The paintflows pressureless from a fluid container to this sealable outlet. The outlet is surrounded by an annular slot out of which a circular air jet of high velocity flows, which thereby sucks paint out of the outlet, atomizes it and carries it along, as aresult of which a circular jet consisting of paint particles is formed.
Laterally of the jet direction, the nozzle arrangement has two protruding horns, horn air jets of which are directed diagonally and in the same direction to the direction of flow of and into the circular jet, which deformed it. To control thehorn air, the nozzle arrangement has, on both sides of the outlet in the direction of the horns, two or more control bores through which air passes and impacts the horn air jets and thus controls them.
Both the annular slot and the control bores are supplied with air from the same air chamber, namely an annular duct inside the nozzle arrangement. This annular duct is supplied with compressed air from supply bores which are located in a paintnozzle and the axes of which are arranged parallel and equidistant on a circle around the axis of the nozzle arrangement.
A disadvantage of the arrangement described is that the air does not flow uniformly into the annular slot via the supply bores arranged about the periphery inside the nozzle arrangement, as a result of which the air/paint mixture is notdistributed as uniformly as possible in the circular jet. If the air pressure were measured along the periphery of the annular slot, then an almost sinusoidal modulation would result, whereby peaks occur in the angular area of the annular slot, in whichthe bores are also located, and minimums in between.
In addition, this arrangement has the disadvantage that the air from the supply bores reaches directly into the control bores for the horn air, depending on the angular position of the paint nozzle having the bores relative to the housing or aircap of the paint spray gun, when the supply bores are about colinear with these control bores and, as a result, the horn air is affected too greatly in an undesirable manner, which in turn changes the jet pattern in an undesirable manner. The sprayresult thus depends on the relative position of the air cap having the horns and control bores relative to the paint nozzle which has the supply bores. However, the position of the paint nozzle screwed into the housing of the paint spray gun isdetermined by the starting cut of its thread and thus a great extent accidental, so that some of the guns produced exhibit undesirable paint coat properties.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
Thus, it is an object of the invention to provide a nozzle arrangement such that the annular air jet flows out as homogeneously as possible and accidental losses of quality are avoided during production.
In accordance with an embodiment of the invention a nozzle structure for a paint spray gun is comprised of a central outlet for paint, an annular slot surrounding the central outlet, the annular slot being connected inside the nozzle structurevia an annular duct to a number of virtually axially parallel bores, the bores being situated on at least one circle about a central axis of the nozzle structure, apparatus for providing compressed air via the bores for delivery to the annular duct, andan air .[.reversing.]. .Iadd.deflection .Iaddend.disk located inside the annular duct and opposite the bores.
BRIEF INTRODUCTION TO THE DRAWINGS
An embodiment of the invention shall be described in greater detail with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:
FIG. 1 is a cross-section through a paint spray gun, and
FIG. 2 is the nozzle arrangement used in the paint spray gun of FIG. 1, in section and partial cross-section.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
The paint spray gun shown in the Figure is comprised essentially of a housing 30 which includes an upper part with a suspension hook and a handle 45. A compressed-air supply conduit is attached to the underside of the handle 45, an air choke 40can be built in to decrease the pressure when the air enters, primarily in low-pressure guns; a fluid container for the paint is mounted on the top at a connection 46. The compressed air (via a valve arrangement 32) and the outlet 3 (via a pin controldevice 33) are simultaneously released for the paint by means of an operating lever 31. The paint flows from the fluid container (not shown), without pressure support, to the outlet 3 and passes out there when the pin 7 is pulled back. Compressed airflows simultaneously via a conduit system to the annular slot 5 which surrounds the outlet 3 and produces a vacuum directly at the outlet 3. This vacuum sucks paint out of the outlet 3, which is then atomized and carried along due to the quick-flowingair while forming a circular jet. The circular jet is pressed together by two horn air jets which pass out of the horns 21 forming a part of the nozzle arrangement 1, in such a way that the circular jet is deformed into a flat jet. The air flow fromthe outlet holes 20 of the horns 21 is, in turn, affected by control bores 22 which are not provided with reference numbers in FIG. 1.
To describe the nozzle arrangement 1 in greater detail, reference is made to FIG. 2 below, in which axis 4 refers to the central axis of the nozzle arrangement, in which the pin 7 is also located and the direction of the flow of the main jetdirection of the air/paint mixture passing out of the nozzle, as shown by arrow 12.
The nozzle arrangement 1 shown in FIG. 2 is comprised of paint nozzle 11, which is screwed into a nozzle insert 10 (see FIG. 1) of the paint spray gun 2 via an external thread 34 and which contains axially parallel air bores 18. The paint nozzle11 is surrounded by an air cap 16 which is screwed together with an external thread of the nozzle insert 10 with aid of a cap nut (not shown).
A middle section 35 of a larger diameter adjoins the external thread 34 of the paint nozzle 11 for screwing into the nozzle insert 10, the middle section being hollow on the inside to admit the pin 7 and having an annular recess 47 on its rearfacing the external thread 34. Six axially parallel, identical bores 8, arranged on a circle about the axis 4, extend from this recess at a distance of 60° through the middle section 35 of the paint nozzle 11. Finally, the paint nozzle 11 alsohas a front area 13 which extends from the outlet of the bores 8 to the front end of the paint nozzle 11. This front area is comprised of a cylindrical part 36 whose diameter is small enough to keep the front end of the bores 8 clear. A further,disk-shaped cylindrical area of a larger diameter, which is relatively thin and is called an air .[.reversing.]. .Iadd.deflection .Iaddend.disk 9 below, adjoins this cylindrical area 36. The diameter of the air .[.reversing.]. .Iadd.deflection.Iaddend.disk 9 is measured in such a way that, seen from the front, the bores 8 are completely covered. The furthermost front area of the paint nozzle 11 finally divides into a conical taper 23 at a first angle of about 30° to the axis 4, aconical taper 24 adjacent thereto at a second, smaller angle and a cylindrical end area 25 adjacent thereto.
The air cap 16 surrounding the paint nozzle 11 when assembled is essentially symmetric to axis 4 on the inside. However, it has two horns 21 which are diametrically opposite one another and protrude beyond the annular slot 5 and outlet 3 in thedirection of flow 12. Two supply bores 19 extend from the rear of the air cap 16 to outlet holes 20 in the horns 21, whereby each horn 21 has two holes 20. Holes 20 are directed in such a way that they point to the axis 4 in the direction of flow 12toward the annular slot 5, that is, they can affect the air which has already passed out of the annular slot 5.
The air cap 16 has a middle region which ends at the annular slot 5. This middle region is passed through by four control bores 22 which are arranged on a line between the two horns 21, that is, their air flow can again affect the horn aircoming out of the outlet holes 20 of horns 21. In the region of the inside control bores 22, the inside wall of air cap 16 (which will be described later as outside wall 15 of the annular duct 6) curves continuously until it is parallel to axis 4. Thus, there is no sharp transition here.
The assembled arrangement is comprised of paint nozzle 11 and air cap 16, as shown in FIG. 2, and forms an annular duct 6 between the outside of the front area 13 (with 36) of the paint nozzle 11 and the inside of the air cap 16. This annularduct 6 begins at the end of bores 8 and extends past the air reversing disk 9 to the annular slot 5. To the outside, it is only opened by the control bores 22. The outside wall 15 of the annular duct 6 tapers from the bores 8 to the annular slot 5, atfirst continuously beyond the area of the air reversing disk 9. A discontinuous jump then takes place on a plane annular surface 17, which is directed essentially at right angles to the axis 4. The outside wall 15 then tapers continuously again andchanges in the area of the middle, that is of the annular slot 5, continuously into a run parallel to the axis 4, without a sharp bend taking place.
The inside wall 14, formed by the paint nozzle 11, with which the air .[.reversing.]. .Iadd.deflection .Iaddend.disk 9 can be made in one piece, also tapers adjacent to the air .[.reversing.]. .Iadd.deflection .Iaddend. disk 9, namely, asdescribed above, at two different angles (areas 23 and 24) and then runs cylindrically (area 25). The innermost area of the air cap 16 thus forms the annular slot 5 with the cylindrical area 25 at the front end of the paint nozzle 11.
The nozzle arrangement of the invention functions as follows after it has been attached to a paint spray gun.
By actuating the operating lever 31, the pin 7 is pulled back opposite to the direction of flow 12 and, at the same time, the nozzle insert 10 is acted upon by two compressed air flows, which can be controlled separately on the paint spray gun. The outer compressed air flow reaches the outlet holes 20 via bores 18 in the nozzle insert 10 and the two supply bores 19 in the horns 21 of the air cap 16. The outlet holes are directed downward or upward to the extension of the axis 4 in direction offlow 12. The inner compressed air flow reaches the six bores 8 inside the paint nozzle 11 in the annular duct 6. This compressed air flow hits the air .[.reversing.]. .Iadd.deflection .Iaddend.plate 9, which completely covers bores 8, at a high speed. Thus, a very turbulent flow, which also has considerable tangential components and distributes the compressed air in peripheral direction, results between the outlet of bores 8 and the air .[.reversing.]. .Iadd.deflection .Iaddend.plate 9. Thecompressed air then flows through the narrow area of the annular duct 6 past the air .[.reversing.]. .Iadd.deflection .Iaddend.disk 9 and hits the plane annular surface 17. A relatively strong turbulence results, in turn, due to the sudden change indirection and thus a further homogenization of the pressure ratios.
Finally, the compressed air passes through the rest of the annular duct 6 which continues to taper more and more and then has no more corners or edges acting as a flow .[.reverser.]. .Iadd.deflector.Iaddend., but is kept as smooth and continuousas possible in order to attain a certain laminating of the flow. The air flow, almost completely homogenized in this way, passes out of the annular slot 5, sucks the paint out of the outlet 3 in a known manner, atomizes it and carries it along whileforming a circular jet.
The flow velocity is increased by the air duct 6 tapering in the direction of the annular slot 5, that is, an optimum conversion of the fall in pressure takes place from the air duct 6 to the ambient pressure in velocity.
The circular jet thus formed is affected by the horn air from the outlet holes 20, also in a known manner. The influence of the horn air takes place again in a known manner through the control bores 22, however, significantly more homogeneously,more reliably and more uniformly than with the known nozzle arrangements. This is due to the fact that a straight alignment of the control bores 22 with bores 8 is no longer possible, because the air .[.reversing.]. .Iadd.deflection .Iaddend.plate 9 islocated between them. Thus, in the nozzle arrangement of the invention, it is inconsequential what the relative position of paint nozzle 11 and air cap 16 is, since the air passing out of bores 8 is always prevented, with certainty, from flowingdirectly against the control bores 22 by means of the air .[.reversing.]. .Iadd.deflection .Iaddend.disk 9. Due to the fact that uniform spray jet geometries result, a spray gun or nozzle arrangement of this type can also be made more quickly and withless expense.
The nozzle arrangement described can be used both in high-pressure and low-pressure paint spray guns. However, it does have special advantages in modern low-pressure guns since these react more sensitively to variations in pressure.
Field of SearchINCLUDING SUPPLEMENTAL GAS SHAPING OR SHIELDING JET
Plural sets of gas jet orifices
Adjustable gas flow directing or controlling means
Assembly or disassembly feature
FLOW LINE OR NOZZLE ATTACHED OR CARRIED HANDGRIP OR HANDLE
Pistol grip type
FLOW DEFLECTING OR ROTATION CONTROLLING MEANS
Deflector and terminal flow element