ApplicationNo. 10359753 filed on 02/06/2003
US Classes:PLT/263HERBACEOUS ORANAMENTAL FLOWERING PLANT (E.G., NICOTIANA, TRITOMA, DELPHINIUM, DICENTRA, LOBELIA, NASTURTIUM, ETC.)
ExaminersPrimary: Campell, Bruce R.
Assistant: McCormick, Susan B.
Attorney, Agent or Firm
International ClassA01H 500
DescriptionBotanical classification/cultivar denomination: Angelonia augustifolia cultivar Balangpili.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
The present Invention relates to a new and distinct cultivar of Angelonia plant, botanically known as Angelonia hybrida, and hereinafter referred to by the name `Balangpili`.
The new Angelonia is a product of a planned breeding program conducted by the Inventor in Arroyo Grande, Calif. The objective of the breeding program is to develop new vigorous Angelonia cultivars that have a freely basal branching growth habit and numerous flowers with attractive coloration.
The new Angelonia originated from a cross-pollination made by the Inventor in 2001 of a proprietary Angelonia hybrida selection identified as code number BFP-374, not patented, as the female, or seed parent, with a proprietary Angelonia hybrida selection identified as code number BFP-414, not patented, as the male, or pollen parent. The cultivar Balangpili was discovered and selected by the Inventor as a flowering plant within the progeny of the stated cross-pollination in a controlled environment in Arroyo Grande, Calif.
Asexual reproduction of the new cultivar by cuttings taken in Arroyo Grande, Calif. since February, 2001, has shown that the unique features of this new Angelonia are stable and reproduced true to type in successive generations.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
The following traits have been repeatedly observed and are determined to be the unique characteristics of `Balangpili`. These characteristics in combination distinguish `Balangpili` as a new and distinct Angelonia cultivar:
1. Outwardly spreading plant habit.
2. Freely basal branching growth habit.
3. Pink-colored flowers.
Compared to plants of the female parent selection, plants of the new Angelonia are less compact. In addition, plants of the female parent selection have white-colored flowers. Compared to plants of the male parent selection, plants of the new Angelonia are less compact. In addition, plants of the male parent selection have white-colored flowers.
Plants of the new Angelonia can be compared to plants of the cultivar Pandiana, not patented. In side-by-side comparisons conducted in West Chicago, Ill., plants of the new Angelonia differed from plants of the cultivar Pandiana in the following characteristics:
1. Plants of the new Angelonia were more compact than plants of the cultivar Pandiana.
2. Plants of the new Angelonia were not as upright as plants of the cultivar Pandiana.
3. Plants of the new Angelonia had shorter racemes than plants of the cultivar Pandiana.
4. Flowers of plants of the new Angelonia were lighter in color than flowers of plants of the cultivar Pandiana.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE PHOTOGRAPHS
The accompanying colored photographs illustrate the overall appearance of the new Angelonia, showing the colors as true as it is reasonably possible to obtain in colored reproductions of this type. Colors in the photographs differ from the color values cited in the detailed botanical description which accurately describe the colors of the new Angelonia.
The photograph on the first sheet comprises a side perspective view of a flowering plant of `Balangpili` grown in a container.
The photograph on the second sheet comprises a close-up view of typical flowers and leaves of `Balangpili`.
DETAILED BOTANICAL DESCRIPTION
The cultivar Balangpili has not been observed under all possible environmental conditions. The phenotype may vary somewhat with variations in environment such as temperature and light intensity without, however, any variance in genotype.
The aforementioned photographs and following observations and measurements describe plants grown in West Chicago, Ill., under commercial practice in a polycarbonate-covered greenhouse with day temperatures ranging from 24 to 29° C., night temperatures ranging from 17 to 21° C. and light levels ranging from 6,000 to 10,000 footcandles. Rooted young plants were planted in 10-cm containers and had been growing for about 14 weeks when the photographs and the description were taken.
In the following description, color references are made to The Royal Horticultural Society Colour Chart, 2001 Edition, except where general terms of ordinary dictionary significance are used.
Botanical classification: Angelonia hybrida cultivar Balangpili.
Female parent.--Proprietary Angelonia hybrida selection identified as code number BFP-374, not patented.
Male parent.--Proprietary Angelonia hybrida selection identified as code number BFP-414, not patented.
Time to initiate roots.--About 7 days at 18° C.
Time to produce a rooted cutting.--About 21 days at 18° C.
Root description.--Fibrous; whitish in color.
General appearance.--Outwardly spreading plant habit; vigorous. Freely basal branching growth habit, about nine flowering stems develop per plant.
Plant height.--About 32.2 cm.
Plant diameter or spread.--About 41.2 cm.
Flowering stem (peduncle) length.--About 28.7 cm.
Flowering stem diameter.--About 2 mm.
Flowering stem internode length.--About 1.6 cm.
Flowering stem texture.--Moderately pubescent.
Flowering stem color.--144C.
Foliage description.--Arrangement: Opposite, simple; sessile. Leaves per flowering stem: About 28. Length: About 6.4 cm. Width: About 1 cm. Shape: Linear to slightly elliptic. Apex: Acute. Base: Acute. Margin: Serrate. Texture, upper surface: Smooth, glabrous. Texture, lower surface: Sparsely pubescent. Venation pattern: Pinnate. Color: Upper surface: Closest to 143A; venation, closest to 150D. Lower surface: Closest to 143C; venation, closest to 143D.
Flower type and flowering habit.--Single bi-labiate arranged on axillary racemes; flowers opposite. Usually about 12 open flowers per raceme. Flowers face outwardly. Flowers self-cleaning. Flowers not fragrant.
Flower longevity.--Flowers last about five to seven days on the plant.
Natural flowering season.--Flowering is continuous from spring until fall.
Raceme length.--About 14.2 cm.
Flower diameter.--About 2.3 cm by 2 cm.
Flower tube length.--About 1 cm.
Flower buds.--Diameter: About 5.9 mm. Shape: Ovate. Color: 75A.
Petals.--Quantity: Five per flower, fused at base. Shape: Obovate. Apex: Mostly rounded. Margin: Entire. Texture, upper and lower surfaces: Mostly smooth; pubescence around rim of throat and at base of lobes. Color: Upper petals, upper surface: Towards margin, 75A; center, 75B; towards base, 75D. Upper petals, lower surface: 75A. Lateral petals, upper surface: Towards margin, 75C; center, 75D; towards base, 75D. Lateral petals, lower surface: 75C. Lower petal, upper surface: 75D with spots, 75C. Lower petal, lower surface: 75D. Palate: 149D. Throat: 77C with spots, 77A. Tube: 77C with spots, 77A; towards base, 77B.
Sepals.--Quantity/arrangement: Five per flower; fused at base; non-imbricate. Length: About 4 mm. Width: About 2 mm. Calyx length: About 5 mm. Calyx diameter: About 6 mm. Shape: Lance-shaped. Apex: Acuminate. Texture, upper surface: Sparsely pubescent. Texture, lower surface: Smooth, glabrous. Color, upper and lower surfaces: 139B.
Pedicels. --Length: About 1.2 cm. Diameter: Less than 1 mm. Strength: Strong; flexible. Angle: Acute. Texture: Sparsely pubescent. Color: 144B overlain with 183A.
Reproductive organs.--Androecium: Stamen quantity: Four per flower. Stamen length: About 2 mm. Stamen color: N155D. Anther length: About 2 mm. Anther shape: Fan-shaped. Anther color: 155B; towards margin, N82C. Pollen amount: Moderate. Pollen color: 155A. Gynoecium: Pistil quantity: One per flower. Pistil length: About 5 mm. Style length: About 2.5 mm. Style color: Towards base, N155D; towards apex, 77B. Stigma length: Less than 1 mm. Stigma color: Colorless, clear. Ovary length: About 2 mm. Ovary color: N155D.
Seeds/fruits.--Seed and fruit development has not been observed.
Disease/pest resistance: Plants of the new Angelonia have not been observed to be resistant to pathogens and pests common to Angelonia.