Staggered butt sidewall shingle panel and method of making the same
Method of manufacturing artificial wood veneer
ApplicationNo. 058076 filed on 04/08/1998
US Classes:156/254, Splitting sheet lamina in plane intermediate of faces52/560, Tapered52/748.11, Sheathing83/29, Including stacking of plural workpieces144/13, Shingle making144/350, Cutting or shaping subsequent to bonding144/355, Shaping by cutting156/71, Of lamina to building or installed structure156/154, Subsequent to assembly156/263, Separate cutting of separate sheets or webs156/264, Of plural laminae from single stock and assembling to each other or to additional lamina156/512, Severing followed by associating with part from same source156/517, Severing before bonding or assembling of parts156/563, Stacked serially428/156, Including variation in thickness428/537.1Of wood
ExaminersPrimary: Crispino, Richard
Assistant: Gray, Linda
Attorney, Agent or Firm
International ClassB32B 031/00
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
In a world with a great abundance of easily harvested cedar trees, every house could have an exterior surface of natural cedar siding. Unfortunately, this is not the case. Cedar trees are increasingly rare, and the wood from these trees is increasingly expensive. In particular it is difficult to obtain, even at prices of $1,600 per 1,000 board feet or more, clear (i.e. without visible knots) cedar siding as unitary pieces (i.e. that have not been assembled from shorter pieces finger jointed together) in uniform 16 foot lengths. Obtaining siding pieces in shorter lengths greatly increases the work of the carpenters constructing a house, because more pieces must be nailed onto the frame to complete the construction. If the pieces are nonuniform in length, a certain amount of planning is added to the carpenters' work.
Referring to FIGS. 1a-1d, long siding pieces which are formed by joining a first piece of cedar 10 and a second piece of cedar 12 together with finger joints are too unsightly to be used to form the siding of a house unless they are covered with paint. Finger-joints are made by forming fingers 14 in both first piece 10 and second piece 12. Fingers 14 are separated in the thickness dimension, and extend from top to bottom in piece 10 and piece 12, which are fit together, by interleaving and adhering fingers 14, to form a finger-jointed board 16.
To produce siding pieces in the familiar bevelled shape, piece 16 is cut diagonally from top to bottom, as shown in FIG. 1c to form two identically shaped siding pieces 20. Unfortunately, this diagonal cut causes the crooked finger joint pattern to be displayed as a crooked seam 22 on a bevelled or sloping display surface 24 of each siding piece, as shown in FIG. 1d. This ruins the potential of the siding pieces as a display of natural cedar. Therefore, when finger-jointed cedar siding pieces are used, they are typically covered with a coat of paint. As used in this application the term bevelled may refer to a surface such as surface 24 which is sloped relative to the other surfaces of piece 20 or may be used to describe a piece having such a sloped or bevelled surface.
U.S. Pat. No. 3,041,231, issued to Fountain, describes a method for making laminated boards from rotten wood in which the rotten wood is laminated between two higher grade wood pieces and cut in two to create two laminated pieces having rotten wood adhered to high grade wood. The rotten wood is then treated, for example by sand blasting, so that it may be used as a sort of a rustic display. The Fountain patent thus is not directed toward bevelled siding pieces, nor is it aimed at producing more pieces of high grade clear cedar siding from a fixed amount of clear cedar wood than is possible with conventional techniques.
What is still desired, then, is a way to provide a greater amount of siding having a pleasing appearance and the weather-resisting qualities of clear cedar, from a limited amount of cedar wood, than has previously been possible.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
The present invention is a method of producing laminated siding pieces comprising the steps of first providing a laminated siding workpiece including a substantially flat piece of display material having a first major surface that is laminated to a bevelled piece of support material. The next step is to cut through the substantially flat piece of display material to form a laminated siding piece having a flat piece of display material, possessing a freshly cut major surface, laminated to a bevelled piece of support material.
A separate aspect of the present invention is a laminated siding piece comprising a bevelled piece of support material and a substantially flat piece of display material laminated to said bevelled piece of support material.
The foregoing and other objectives, features, and advantages of the invention will be more readily understood upon consideration of the following detailed description of the invention, taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE SEVERAL VIEWS OF THE DRAWINGS
FIG. 1a is a top view of a prior art board that is made of two pieces that are finger jointed together.
FIG. 1b is a side view of the board of FIG. 1a.
FIG. 1c is a side view of two pieces of siding that have been produced by cutting the board of FIG. 1a.
FIG. 1d is a perspective view of one of the siding pieces of FIG. 1c.
FIG. 2a is a top view of a laminated siding workpiece according to a step in a preferred method of the present invention.
FIG. 2b is a side view of the laminated siding workpiece of FIG. 2a.
FIG. 2c is a side view of two pieces of siding that have been produced by cutting the siding workpiece of FIG. 2a.
FIG. 3a is a top view of a laminated siding workpiece according to a step in an alternative preferred method of the present invention.
FIG. 3b is a side view of the laminated siding workpiece of FIG. 3a.
FIG. 3c is a side view of two pieces of siding that have been produced by cutting the siding workpiece of FIG. 3a.
FIG. 4a is a top view of a laminated siding workpiece according to a step in a second alternative preferred method of the present invention.
FIG. 4b is a side view of the laminated siding workpiece of FIG. 4a.
FIG. 4c is a side view of two pieces of siding that have been produced by cutting the siding workpiece of FIG. 4a.
FIG. 5 is an isometric view of one of the identically shaped siding pieces shown in FIGS. 2c.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS
Referring to FIGS. 2a and 2b, a preferred method for producing siding pieces according to the present invention begins with the production of a laminated siding workpiece 110 in which a first display material piece 112 and a second display material piece 113, which are joined together by finger joint 116, are laminated between two bevelled support pieces 114, preferably made of a material such as pine or fir wood. Display material pieces 112 and 113 are most typically clear cedar. Bevelled support pieces 114 are offset in position and orientation from each other, as shown, so that laminated siding workpiece 110 is rectangular in cross-section. Alternatively, display support pieces 112 and 113 could be held together by being adhered to support piece 114 rather than with finger joint 116. In another alternative, a unitary piece of cedar could be used in place of joined display material pieces 112 and 113. Pieces 112 and 113 are flat, in the sense that word is used in this application, meaning that they are not bevelled as are pieces 114, but are generally of uniform thickness.
Referring to FIG. 2c, laminated siding workpiece 110 is cut in two through display material pieces 112 and 113 to form two identically shaped siding pieces 120 having cut display material pieces 112' and 113'. Referring to FIG. 5, the seam 122, formed on the display face 124 of each siding piece 120 at the location of finger joint 116, is straight rather than crooked, as in prior art siding pieces 20. The fact that seam 122 is straight is an advantage to the present invention. Because seam 22 from the prior art was unsightly enough to preclude the use of prior art siding pieces 20 as display pieces, there was little effort among those producing siding pieces 20 to match up cedar pieces 10 and 12 so that there would be a reasonable continuity of coloration and grain across seam 22. In the present invention, however, if pieces 112 and 113 are well matched, seam 122 is unobtrusive enough to permit pieces 120 to be used as a natural display of cedar. As a result, it is possible, using the process of the present invention, to economically produce uniform sixteen-foot siding pieces that are suitable for display (to remain unpainted) on a house.
A first advantage of the preferred method described above is that display material pieces 112 and 113 are protected by support pieces 114 as laminated siding workpiece 110 is handled during the production process. Moreover, the sawing of pieces 112 and 113 imparts a desirable smoothness to resultant display face 124. A second advantage is that laminated siding workpiece 110 is rectangular in cross-section, which makes it more easily handled by the standard equipment found in many sawmills, which is typically adapted for handling boards that are rectangular in cross-section.
In FIGS. 3a-3c features which are alike to the features of FIGS. 2a-2c are referenced with numerals which are alike but which have been incremented by 100. Similar to FIGS. 2a-2c, FIGS. 3a-3c show a preferred method for producing siding pieces according to the present invention. This process begins with the production of a laminated siding workpiece 210, in which a first display material piece 212 and a second display material piece 213, which are interconnected with each other by a finger joint 216, are adhesively laminated between two bevelled support pieces 214, preferably made of a material such as pine or fir wood. Laminated siding workpiece 210 is cut in two through display material pieces 212 and 213 to form two identically shaped siding pieces 220 having cut display material pieces 212' and 213'.
Display material pieces 212 and 213 are most typically clear cedar. Bevelled support pieces 214 are offset from each other in position and orientation so that laminated siding workpiece 210 is trapezoidal.
Referring specifically to FIG. 3a, display material piece 212 may be made of two or more constituent pieces that are joined by finger joints 216.
Laminated siding workpiece 110 or 210 may be made by laminating already bevelled support pieces 114 or 214 to display material piece 112 and 113 or 212 and 213 or by laminating flat support material pieces to display material pieces 112 and 113 or 212 and 213 and then cutting the flat support material pieces diagonally to create bevelled support pieces 114 or 214.
Referring to FIGS. 4a-4c, it is possible to form an intermediate laminate 310 by adhering a single flat support material piece 314 between two flat display material pieces 312 and then cutting support material piece 314 diagonally to create two bevelled siding pieces 320. This method has the drawback that display material pieces 312 may be damaged both in the laminating process and in being handled before and during the cutting process. Therefore, the surface of the display material should be cut or shaved away after siding pieces 320 are otherwise formed to reveal a new, freshly cut surface.
As shown in FIG. 4a, display material piece 312 may each comprise two constituent pieces held together by a finger joint 316.
Bevelled support pieces 114, 214 or 314 are typically made of pine, fir, Douglas fir, larch or hemlock, but may also be of any inexpensive, structurally sound wood. Also, wood products and cellulose fiber products such as parallel strand lumber, particle board or wood chip board may be used for pieces 114, 214 of 314 although care must be taken to avoid water exposure damage for this type of material. In addition, composite material could be used for pieces 114, 214 or 314. One popular type of composite material is made of cellulose fiber and Portland cement and is sold under the name of HARDIE PLANK.RTM.. If both display pieces and support material pieces are made of wood, the process of lamination may be performed according to the well known art of laminating wood pieces together with any commonly available wood glue. If the support material pieces are not made of wood the lamination process is also well known, through the use of an all-purpose glue, such as epoxy glue. Support pieces 114, 214 or 314 are typically about 3/8 inch thick at their thickest and about 1/16 inch thick at their thinnest. Display material pieces 112, 113, 212 and 213 are typically about 1/4 inch thick, so that cut display pieces 112', 113', 212', 213' and pieces 312 are typically slightly less than 1/8 inch thick because some material is lost to the sawblade. The sawing process is done according to standard well-known techniques with an effort made to minimize the loss of valuable cedar to the saw blade. This thinness permits considerably more siding pieces to produced from the same quantity of display material. Although cedar, due to its pleasant appearance and excellent ability to withstand weathering, is generally the most sought after siding material, display material pieces 112, 113, 212, 213 and 312 could be made of any material with similar properties, such as redwood.
The method of the present invention makes practical the production of siding pieces in a broad range of dimensions, ranging in width from 4 inches to 16 inches and in length from 2 feet to 16 feet or more. This also makes practical the use of producing the siding pieces in custom dimensions for a builders particular job. For example, in the case of a 40 foot exterior wall a builder could order two 16 foot pieces and one 8 foot piece for each complete siding strip.
There may be a problem with delamination when using a display material with a different temperature coefficient of expansion or moisture content coefficient of expansion from the support piece material coefficient of expansion. For this reason it is generally advisable to pick materials with similar coefficients of expansion. For example, depending on the environment, it may be advisable to pick materials with coefficients of expansion that are within . -.5%, . -.10%, . -.15% or . -.20% of each other. Along these lines the use of high grade wood of a particular species as the display material and low grade wood of the same species as the support piece material offers one method of matching coefficients of expansion.
The terms and expressions which have been employed in the foregoing specification are used therein as terms of description and not of limitation, and there is no intention, in the use of such terms and expressions, of excluding equivalents of the features shown and described or portions thereof, it being recognized that the scope of the invention is defined and limited only by the claims which follow.
* * * * *
Field of SearchOf lamina to building or installed structure
Of plural laminae from single stock and assembling to each other or to additional lamina
Subsequent to assembly
Splitting sheet lamina in plane intermediate of faces
Prior to assembly
Separate cutting of separate sheets or webs
Cutting to shape joining edge surfaces only
Severing before bonding or assembling of parts
Severing followed by associating with part from same source
Cutting or shaping subsequent to bonding
Shaping by cutting
Including stacking of plural workpieces
Including variation in thickness