Vacuum forcep and method of using same
Pillow or support member for surgical use
Electrode for electrocardiographic examinations
Apparatus for ophthalmological surgery
Holder for medical use fixed by vacuum
ApplicationNo. 725371 filed on 10/03/1996
US Classes:600/37, INTERNAL ORGAN SUPPORT OR SLING128/898, Methods600/202With sensor or measuring means
ExaminersPrimary: Nasser, Robert L.
Attorney, Agent or Firm
Foreign Patent References
International ClassA61F 002/00
AbstractA method and apparatus for temporarily immobilizing a local area of tissue. In particular, the present invention provides a method and apparatus for temporarily immobilizing a local area of heart tissue to thereby permit surgery on a coronary vessel in that area without significant deterioration of the pumping function of the beating heart. The local area of heart tissue is immobilized to a degree sufficient to permit minimally invasive or micro-surgery on that area of the heart. The present invention features a suction device to accomplish the immobilization. The suction device is coupled to a source of negative pressure. The suction device has a series of suction ports on one surface. Suction through the device causes suction to be maintained at the ports. The device further is shaped to conform to the surface of the heart. Thus, when the device is placed on the surface of the heart and suction is created, the suction through the ports engages the surface of the heart. The suction device is further fixed or immobilized to a stationary object, such as an operating table or a sternal or rib retractor. Thus, the local area of the heart near the suction device is temporarily fixed or immobilized relative to the stationary object while suction is maintained. In such a fashion, the coronary artery may be immobilized even though the heart itself is still beating so that a bypass graft may be performed. In addition the suction device may be used in either a conventional, open-chest environment or in a minimally-invasive environment, e.g. endoscopic.