Method and device for attenuating water column reverberations using co-located hydrophones and geophones in ocean bottom seismic processing
Patent 5774416 Issued on June 30, 1998. Estimated Expiration Date: June 30, 2015. Estimated Expiration Date is calculated based on simple USPTO term provisions. It does not account for terminal disclaimers, term adjustments, failure to pay maintenance fees, or other factors which might affect the term of a patent.
In ocean bottom seismic exploration, it is common for co-located hydrophones and geophones to be deployed on the ocean bottom. One problem encountered is the water column reverberation. An improved method and device is proposed for attenuating water column reverberations using co-located hydrophones and geophones in ocean bottom seismic processing. In this method, each recorded hydrophone and geophone signal, or trace, is decomposed into a series of narrow band-pass filtered traces. For each of the filtered traces, a measurement of the energy level is made upon which normalization factors are computed and applied. The resulting filtered, normalized traces are summed. Optionally, prior to application, the normalization factors can be organized by common shot, common group, common offset, and surface consistent normalization factors derived and applied for each pass-band.
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