ATM switch1ng system connectable to I/O links having different transmission rates
Swimming exercise and training apparatus Patent #: 5393280
ApplicationNo. 404800 filed on 03/15/1995
US Classes:370/413Having both input and output queuing
ExaminersPrimary: Olms, Douglas W.
Assistant: Blum, Russell W.
Attorney, Agent or Firm
Foreign Patent References
International ClassH04L 012/56
Foreign Application Priority Data1994-04-14 EP
AbstractThe present invention relates to an efficient point-to-point and multi-points routing system and method for programmable data communication adapters in packet switching nodes of high speed networks. The general principles of this efficiency are the following:First, data packets are never copied, only packet pointers are copied for each destination: Space in Buffer Memory is saved, the number of instructions is significantly reduced improving the packet throughput (number of packets per seconds that the adapter is able to transmit). and the routing is independant of the packets length.Second, no overhead is generated by the multi-points mechanism in the real time procedures: the underrun/overrun problems on the ouputs are reduced and the efficiency of the adapter in term data throughput (bits per second) is significantly improved.Third, each output is processed independently by means of interrupts: lines are managed in real time and lines of different speed or protocol can be supported in parallel.Fourth, the release of the resources is entirely realized on a non priority mode.