Four-way key switch control mechanism
Multipurpose cursor control keyswitch
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Cursor movement control key and electronic computer keyboard for computers having a video display Patent #: 5278557
AbstractAn input device for computers or electronic games using piezoelectric elements. Four piezoelectric devices are mounted on a base in positions ninety degrees apart. A user actuation element, such as a directional control pad and or a joystick is pivotally disposed on the base above the piezoelectric sensors. A biasing element such as a spring, foam or rubber element is positioned between the actuation element and the base to support the actuation device in a neutral position when no face is being applied by a user to also return the activation element to its neutral position after a user's force is removed. Opposing sensors are connected to a bridge circuit such that in the neutral position of the actuation element the output voltage of the bridge is one half of the input voltage. As the user applies a force to the actuation device, the resistance of one or the other (opposing) piezoresistive device will decrease and accordingly drive the output of the bridge circuit either towards the input voltage or ground, depending on which sensor the user is activated. Additionally a piezoresistive device constructed according to the present invention uses a conductive foam overlayed on top of a series of circuit traces which describe open circuits. As the conductive foam is compressed, it will complete the circuit of the circuit traces and provide an output voltage varying with the compression of the foam.