ApplicationNo. 054275 filed on 04/30/1993
ExaminersPrimary: Crowder, C. D.
Assistant: Izaguirre, Ismael
Attorney, Agent or Firm
Foreign Patent References
International ClassD01G 015/24
Foreign Application Priority Data1992-04-30 DE
CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATION
This application claims the priority of German Applications No. P 42 14 200.8 filed Apr. 30, 1992 and P 43 04 148.5 filed Feb. 12, 1993, which are incorporated herein by reference.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
This invention relates to a flat bar for travelling flats in a carding machine. The flat bar has a carrier body with a support for the flat clothing and two opposite flat ends which glide on a slideway and which are force-transmittingly coupled to an endless traction member.
Conventionally, the carrier body of the flat bar is a hollow, extruded aluminum component, and a steel rod extends through the hollow space in the longitudinal direction of the flat bar. On the two opposite, projecting ends of the rod a respective, block-like flat bar ends are inserted and secured by a screw which engages axially a thread provided at the respective ends of the steel rod. The two flat bar ends glide on the stationary slideways of the carding machine. On each side of the flat bar, between the end face of the carrier body and the flat bar end a flat chain (traction member) extends, whose links are traversed by the ends of the flat bar. The flat chain drags the flat bars over the slideways and presses the flat bar ends onto the slideways.
It is a disadvantage of the flat bars according to the prior art that their structure and installation involves substantial expense; particularly the manufacture of the block-like, inserted flat bar ends is complicated. It is a further disadvantage of the conventional flat bar that between the flat bar ends and the slideway significant frictional losses are generated. It is also a drawback that the flat chain stretches, that it is easily soiled with dust and fiber and that the chain links must be lubricated.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
It is an object of the invention to provide an improved flat bar of the above-outlined type from which the discussed disadvantages are eliminated and which thus is structurally simple, it is easy to install and the flat bar ends glide on the slideway of the carding machine with low friction and in an accurate manner.
This object and others to become apparent as the specification progresses, are accomplished by the invention, according to which, briefly stated, each flat bar end has an element which comprises a gliding portion contacting the slideway and a securing portion which is in engagement with the carrier body of the flat bar and which holds the gliding portion.
By virtue of the fact that the element of the flat bar end includes both the gliding portion and the securing portion, a very simple construction of the flat bar ends results. The installation of the flat bar is simplified which facilitates the observation of tolerances and thus enhances dimensional accuracy. Further, the construction according to the invention makes possible a selection of a great number of material pairs which, compared to the prior art constructions, results in a significant reduction of friction and thus to a higher service life of the flat bars.
The invention includes the following additional advantageous features:
The element is a single-piece member.
The element directly engages the carrier body of the flat bar.
The element is in engagement with the carrier body by means of an auxiliary carrier in the zone of the end face of the flat bar.
The element is permanently (non-releasably) connected with the auxiliary carrier.
Each flat bar end has two elements. It is an advantage of this feature that the tendency to tilting and a sliding friction are reduced.
The contacting face of the gliding portion of the element is substantially linear.
The securing portion of the element is of cylindrical configuration. It is an advantage of this feature that an adaptation is feasible to the curved guides (that cause the flat bars to travel in a circular path) without the need for a chamfer or the like. Commercially available hardened and ground steel pins may be economically used for the manufacture of the element of the flat bar end. By cutting to size, drilling and inserting the pins, a particularly simple manufacture of the flat bar is possible.
The securing portion of the element is of polygonal shape.
The gliding portion of the element is of a friction-resistant material.
The elements are secured in the end face of the foot portion of the hollow extruded flat bar body.
The elements are made of pins of tempered (hardened) steel or the like.
The gliding surface of the gliding portion of the element is ground, fine-ground and/or polished.
The securing portion of the element is secured in a recess of the carrier body of the flat bar.
The securing portion of the element is secured in a bore provided in the end face of the carrier body of the flat bar.
The lower boundary of the element is situated at a clearance above the foot surface of the carrier body.
Each element is arranged at an inclination in the working direction to the longitudinal axis of the carrier body of the flat bar such that the gliding portion of the element is oriented opposite the working direction relative to the securing portion.
The carrier body is an extruded member made of a light metal such as aluminum or a light metal alloy. By using a specific light material such as aluminum for the carrier body the force required for moving the flat bars of the travelling flats is reduced. It has been found in practice that it is particularly easy to move the travelling flats with the flexible traction belt by virtue of the lightweight flat bar material and the low-friction, smooth gliding face of the gliding portion of the flat bar elements. The carrier body may be made in a simple manner by cutting commercially available extruded, shaped, hollow rods to the desired lengths. Aluminum provides for a lightweight flat bar and, by making the flat bar as a hollow member, the bending resistance of the carrier body and thus the bending resistance of the entire flat bar is increased as viewed along the card width. Furthermore, by providing a hollow carrier body, material is saved so that the carrier body may be made in a more economical and simpler manner.
In the foot portion of the extruded carrier body throughgoing, parallel recesses (holes) are provided in the longitudinal direction of the flat bar. A throughgoing slot is provided in the wall forming the throughgoing recess.
The throughgoing recesses are cross-sectionally circular.
A stiffening member is arranged in the recesses between the elements of the flat bar.
The cross-sectional outline of the throughgoing recess is polygonal.
The stiffening member is a shaped steel component.
The endless traction member for driving the flat bars is a flexible belt and the outer side of the flexible belt and the portions of the flat bar ends which do not contact the slideway engage the belt in a form-fitting manner.
The gliding portion of the flat bar element has low friction, wear-resistant and precisely dimensioned sliding faces. The use of a flexible belt--in contrast to a flat chain--makes possible that the traction member will not change in length, and further, the flexible belt needs no servicing, it is structurally simple and permits a simple installation of the travelling flats.
A coupling member is provided which is in engagement with the elements of the flat bar ends and with the flexible belt.
One end of the coupling member is secured in or on the end face of the carrier body of the flat bar.
The free end face of the element is at a clearance from the coupling member.
The coupling element is, by means of whiskers, a brush or an elastic wiping element, in a cleaning engagement with the slideway of the travelling flats.
The upper zone of the foot portion of the flat bar body is arranged at an acute angle to the vertical.
The free upper zone of the element is engaged by a support element during the return travel of the flat bar.
The carrier body and the flat bar ends constitute at least three interconnected structural components.
The flexible belt is in a direct engagement with the wear-resistant flat bar ends.
The element is secured in or on the flat bar end.
The gliding portion of the element has a wet-resistant coating.
The element is directly in engagement with the flexible belt.
The coupling member has a projection which is in engagement with the recess.
The coupling member has a throughgoing bore into which engages a projection of the toothed belt.
The coupling member is affixed (clamped or glued) to the flat bar element.
The element is connected to the flat bar body by being press-fitted into the recess.
The element is received in the recess by a resilient clamping means.
The flat bar ends are cast components, particularly die-cast components. The flat bar ends are grey cast iron and the precision foot components may be cast steel. In the alternative, it is feasible to use an element sprayed with a synthetic material, wherein the securing portion as well as the gliding portion of the element is of metal. It is a common characteristic of all the possibilities that the finished flat bar end has the shape of a plug which may be simply inserted into the corresponding recess at the end face of the carrier body of the flat bar.
In an advantageous manufacturing process of the flat bar, the carrier body of the flat bar is cut from an extruded profiled member and the elements are constituted by pins inserted into the flat bar recess.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
FIG. 1 is a schematic sectional side elevational view of a travelling flats-type carding machine, incorporating the flat bars structured according to the invention.
FIG. 2 is a fragmentary schematic sectional side elevational view of the travelling flats shown in the zone of one of the belt supporting end sprockets.
FIG. 3 is a fragmentary sectional side elevational view of a mid zone of the travelling flats.
FIG. 4a is a side elevational view of a flat bar including a coupling member.
FIG. 4b is a front elevational view of a flat bar end of the structure shown in FIG. 4a.
FIG. 4c is a top plan view of the entire flat bar of FIG. 4a.
FIG. 5 is a fragmentary partially sectional front elevational view of a flat bar including three steel pins.
FIG. 6 is a fragmentary side elevational view of a flat bar including a steel clamp.
FIG. 7 is a fragmentary side elevational view of a flat bar showing a coupling component with whiskers which engage the slideway of the travelling flats.
FIG. 8 is a perspective fragmentary view of a toothed belt having cylindrical projections for engagement with a coupling member of the flat bars and having tooth-shaped projections for engagement with belt-supporting and driving sprockets.
FIG. 9a is a side elevational view of an element (pin) of the flat bar according to the invention.
FIG. 9b is a front elevational view of the pin shown in FIG. 9a.
FIG. 10 is a top plan view of a flat bar, showing the flat bar elements at an oblique angle to the length dimension of the flat bar.
FIG. 11 is a perspective view of a one-piece flat bar whose ends are provided with a wear-resistant coating.
FIG. 12 is a fragmentary perspective view of a flat bar in the end zone of the carrier body.
FIG. 13 is a fragmentary, partially sectional front elevational view of a flat bar.
FIG. 14 is a perspective view of a coupling component for a flat bar.
FIG. 15a is a perspective view of a flat bar end showing elements with carrier members.
FIG. 15b is a fragmentary, partially sectional perspective view of a toothed belt for use with the construction shown in FIG. 15a.
FIG. 16a is a perspective view of a plug-in flat bar end according to an embodiment of the invention.
FIG. 16b is a perspective view of a plug-in flat bar end according to another embodiment of the invention.
FIG. 17a is a fragmentary perspective view of a flat bar end for use with the construction shown in FIG. 16a.
FIG. 17b is a fragmentary perspective view of a flat bar end for use with the construction shown in FIG. 16b.
FIG. 18 is a fragmentary, partially sectional front elevational view of another embodiment of a flat bar according to the invention.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS
Turning to FIG. 1, the schematically illustrated carding machine which may be, for example, an EXACTACARD DK 760 model manufactured by Trutzschler GmbH & Co. KG, Monchengladbach, Germany, has a feed roll 1, a feed table 2, a licker-in 3, a main carding cylinder 4, a doffer 5, a stripping roll 6, crushing rolls 7 and 8, a web guiding element 9, a sliver trumpet 10, calender rolls 11 and 12 as well as travelling flats 13. The travelling flats 13 include a frontal and a rear belt supporting sprocket 15a and 15b respectively. Their direction of rotation, as indicated by the arrows A and B, the same as the direction of rotation of the main carding cylinder 4 as indicated by the arrow C.
FIGS. 2 and 3 show the flat bars 14 in further detail, and a flexible endless toothed traction belt 16 which moves the flat bars 14. Each flat bar 14 has opposite flat bar ends 14a (only one flat bar end 14a is visible in FIGS. 2 and 3) provided with an underside which glides on a respective slideway (flexible bend) 17. The belt sprocket 15b which is provided with teeth 15' rotates in the direction of the arrow B and meshes with the teeth 26 provided on the inner side 16b of the toothed belt 16. By virtue of this interconnection the lower run 16c of the toothed belt 16 is pulled in the forward direction D. The outer side 16a of the toothed belt 16 is in a form-locking engagement with that side 14c of the flat bar end 14a which is opposite the flat bar clothing. The belt 16 presses the flat bar ends 14a against the slideway 17. As shown in FIG. 2, a curved guiding and retaining element 18 adjoins and conforms to the curvature of the sprocket 15b. The guiding and retaining element 18 holds the flat bars 14 as they travel in a circular path about the sprocket 15b. The other sprocket 15a (FIG. 1) rotates in the direction of the arrow A and meshes with the teeth 26 on the inner side 16b of the belt 16 and pulls the upper run 16d of the belt 16 in the direction of the arrow E. The flat bar ends 14a of each flat bar 14 lie loosely on the outer side 16a of the upper run 16d of the belt 16. A non-illustrated curved guiding and retaining element similar to the component 18 is arranged around the sprocket 15a for holding the flat bars 14 as they travel along a circular path about the sprocket 15a.
As shown in FIGS. 1 and 3, the upper run 16d of the toothed belt 16 is supported by two backup rollers 20 and 21 and a planar backup support 22. The support rollers 20 and 21 are belt sprockets which mesh with the teeth 26 provided on the inner side 16b of the belt 16.
Turning to FIGS. 4a, 4b and 4c, the flat bar 14 includes a carrier body 14d provided with a clothing support portion 14e and a back portion 14f. The carrier body 14d is an extruded aluminum member having a hollow inner space 14g. The flat bar 14 further has two opposite flat bar ends 14a' and 14a". The flat bar ends 14a' and 14a" each are formed of two pins 23 and a connecting element 24 (coupling member) which interconnects the pins 23. The pins 23 are, at one end, received in a respective bore 25 provided in the end face 14h of the carrier body 14d. Viewing FIGS. 3a and 4b together, it is seen that the width (that is, the diameter) of any one of the pins 23 measured parallel to the travelling direction E of the flat bars is less than the width of the end face 14h of the flat bar, likewise measured in the travelling direction E. The lower boundary of the pins 23 is at a distance a above the foot surface 14e of the carrier body 14d. The pins 23 which in this embodiment are four in number, are of tempered (hardened) steel and have a circular cross section. The outer surface of the pins 23 is ground, fine-ground or polished to ensure a highly smooth surface. The connecting element 24 has on its lower side two semi-open recesses 24' form-fittingly receiving respective pins 23. The connecting element 24 is made of plastic and is securely clamped, by the recesses 24, on the pins 23. The other (upper) side of the connecting element 24 engages the side 16a of the toothed belt 16. The connecting element 24 has in its mid portion a throughgoing bore 24" into which extends a projection 25a of the toothed belt 16 (FIG. 8). In this manner the pins 23 are indirectly coupled with the toothed belt 16. The connecting element 24 has at one of its end faces a projection 44 such as a dowel (FIG. 14) which is secured in a bore 26 provided in the end face 14h of the carrier body 14d. The connecting element 24 is at a clearance b from the foot surface 14e. The distance a is less than the distance b.
Between the free end face of each pin 23 and the connecting element 24 a clearance c is provided. The upper, free portions of the pins 23 are in engagement with the planar countersupport 22 (FIG. 3) during the reverse travel of the flat bars 14 in the direction E. The lower portions of the pins 23 glide on the slideways 17 with a linear contacting when they travel during their working pass in the direction D. The slideways 17 may be made of a self-lubricating synthetic material, for example, a high-molecular, low-pressure polyethylene so that a maintenance-free travelling flats track is obtained. It is to be understood that for the slideway 17 another material may be used which has wear-resistant properties and has a long service life, superior sliding properties and low frictional losses. The slideway 17 may be made of metal. The upper face of the slideway 17 is smooth, similarly to the surface of the pins 23.
Thus, according to FIGS. 4a, 4b and 4c, the flat bar 14 is composed of a carrier body 14d and two flat bar ends 14a' and 14a", that is, it is composed of three interengageable structural components. The flat bar ends 14a', 14a" each is formed of two pins 23 and a connecting member 24, that is, each flat bar end is composed of three individual components.
Turning to FIG. 5, the connecting member 24 extends in its entire length above the pins 23 (only one pin 23 is visible). Above the connecting member 24 there is additionally provided a short pin 23' which is in engagement with the countersupport surface 22 during the reverse (idling) travel of the flat bar in the direction E (FIG. 3).
The construction shown in FIG. 6 essentially corresponds to that shown in FIG. 5. Instead of the pin 23', however a clip 27 made of tempered steel is used for engaging the countersupport surface 22.
According to FIG. 7, the connecting member 24 has at its underside whiskers 28 which engage and clean the slideway 17. The whiskers are, for example, 1 mm longer than the clearance b. The whiskers 28 remove sand, chips and the like from the slideway 17. For cleaning the whiskers 28, at the return side of the travelling flats a cleaning roll (not shown) may be positioned.
Turning to FIG. 8, the toothed belt 16 has on its outer face 16a projections 25 made, for example, of rubber. During operation, these projections extend from above into corresponding bores 24" provided in the connecting member 24 (FIG. 4a). On the other (outer) belt side 16b teeth 26 are provided. The belt 16 may be reinforced with internal, longitudinally extending, tension-resistant flexible steel wires.
FIG. 11 shows a flat bar 14 in which the carrier body 14d and the opposite flat bar ends 14a'" (only one flat bar end is shown) are formed as a one-piece member, for example, an extruded aluminum component. The upper surface 14c of the flat bar end 14a'" has a throughgoing bore 29 for receiving a projection 25 of the toothed belt 16. On that side of the flat bar ends 14a'" which is oriented towards the foot surface 14e wear-resistant platings 30' and 30" are provided which are in gliding contact with the slideway 17.
The two materials of the gliding face of the flat bar ends and the slideway 17 are so selected that a low friction sliding motion is obtained and further, a lesser wear occurs and the apparatus in operation needs little or no maintenance work.
Turning to FIGS. 9a and 9b, the pin 23 has a rectangular surface 23a having a width d and a length e which may be provided, for example, by grinding. The surface 23a glides on the slideway 17. In this manner, the face-to-face pressure is reduced. Further, the gap between the convex surface of the pin 23 and the slideway 17 is reduced and, as a result, less dirt may accumulate and adhere in those regions.
Turning to FIG. 10, the pins 23" are oriented at an acute angle α to the longitudinal flat bar axis F and are bent in a direction opposite the working direction D. In this manner, dirt is guided by the pins 23" outwardly and in a rearward direction. That part of the pins 23" which is received in the bore 25 may be oriented parallel to the longitudinal axis F of the carrier body 14d; that is, the pins 23" are angularly bent.
FIG. 12 shows an extruded carrier body 14d of a flat bar. The recesses (openings) 41', 41" and 43 which are provided as part of the extrusion process, extend parallel through the entire length of the carrier body 14d. The recesses 41' and 41" serve for receiving the elements (pins) 23. The opening 43 receives the projection 44 (see FIG. 14) provided on the connecting element 24 or the element 23' (FIG. 5). The recesses 41', 42" and 43 are outwardly open by means of longitudinal slots 42 formed in the walls which define the recesses. The side 14l situated opposite the underside 14m of the carrier body 14d is oriented at an acute angle to the underside 14m to facilitate insertion and securement of a non-illustrated flat bar clothing.
FIG. 13 illustrates the pin elements 23 received bilaterally in the recesses 41'. It is seen from FIG. 13 that additionally between the opposite elements 23 a stiffening member 34 is inserted which is at a small distance from the elements 23. The stiffening member 34 provides, on the one hand, that the longitudinal slot 42 cannot deform inwardly and, on the other hand, because of its high specific weight (steel), the stiffening member 34 advantageously effects a downward shift of the center of gravity of the flat bar.
In FIG. 14, the connecting member 24 is shown with a projection 44 which is press-fitted into the recess 43. The guides 24' and 24" clampingly engage the respective pins 23.
In the alternate configuration shown in FIG. 15a, the pins 23 are provided with a carrier member 45 which extends into a recess 45' of the belt 16, as shown in FIG. 15b.
FIG. 16a shows a flat bar end 14a made of a cast piece. The securing portion is formed of two plugs 40" and 40'" which, similarly to the carrier member 45', are integral parts of the flat bar end 14a.
FIG. 16b differs from FIG. 16a in that instead of the carrier member 45" in the flat bar end 14a a bore 24'" is provided which receives a projection 25 of the belt 16. The securing part 40' is plate shaped. The entire construction of the flat bar end is a cast component.
FIG. 17a shows the carrier body 14d associated with the flat bar end 14a according to FIG. 16a. The recesses 41' and 41" receive the plugs 40", 40'" of the flat bar end 14a.
FIG. 17b shows a variant of the carrier body 14d for receiving the plate-shaped plug 40' of the flat bar end 14a shown in FIG. 16b. The securing part (plug) 40' is inserted into the recess 40a of the carrier body 14d. The recess 40a of the carrier body 14d extends over the entire length of the carrier body 14d and is provided in the extrusion process.
Turning to FIG. 18, each pin 23 (only one pin is shown) is held in the respective recess 41 of the carrier body 14d of the flat bar with the intermediary of a sleeve which constitutes an auxiliary carrier. Thus, the pin 23 is fixedly held, for example, by an adhesive in the sleeve whereas the sleeve 46, at its outer surface, is fixedly held, for example, by an adhesive, in the recess 41.
It will be understood that the above description of the present invention is susceptible to various modifications, changes and adaptations, and the same are intended to be comprehended within the meaning and range of equivalents of the appended claims.
* * * * *