Glucose sensor Patent #: 4340458
ApplicationNo. 451309 filed on 12/15/1989
US Classes:435/287.2, Measuring or testing for antibody or nucleic acid, or measuring or testing using antibody or nucleic acid204/401Fault testing of sensor or component
ExaminersPrimary: Envall, Roy N. Jr.
Assistant: Huntley, David
Attorney, Agent or Firm
Foreign Patent References
International ClassesG06F 015/42
AbstractA biosensing system is described which determines whether a measured current is varying in accordance with a predetermined Cottrell current relationship. The system includes a test cell with at least a pair of electrodes which extend into a reaction zone, which reaction zone includes analyte reactants. An analog signal detector, in combination with a microprocessor, take plurality of current measurements between the electrodes over a plurality of succeeding measurement times, after a sample is placed in contact with the analyte reactants in the reaction zone. The microprocessor also stores a plurality of succeeding cpmparison constants which are derived by taking the inverse ratio of the square root of a measurement time divided by the square root of a subsequent measurement time. The microprocessor selects a pair of succeeding measurement times; derives a ratio of the currents measured at those times; and then compares the ratio of those currents with the comparison constant previously derived for the pair of succeeding measurement times. If the comparison indicates that the measured current ratio is dissimilar from the comparison constant, an indication is developed that the current between the electrodes is not varying in accordance with the Cottrell relationship. The plurality of current measurements are also used to calculate total charge transferred, Q. Q can then be used as a second means of calculating the final result.