Picture signal coder
Adaptive bit allocator
Method of image signal encoding by orthogonal transformation
Method of image signal encoding by orthogonal transformation Patent #: 4805030
ApplicationNo. 375727 filed on 07/05/1989
US Classes:375/240.2, Discrete cosine341/60, To or from packed format375/242, PULSE CODE MODULATION386/112, Digital compressing386/124Digital recording or reproducing
ExaminersPrimary: Peng, John K.
Attorney, Agent or Firm
International ClassesH04N 007/12
Foreign Application Priority Data1988-07-22 JP
AbstractAn adaptive transform encoder can keep a recording rate of a digital signal at a constant level. It comprises a unit for orthogonal-transforming one block of digital input signal, a unit for calculating an activity index of the orthogonal-transformed block, a unit for comparing the activity index of the block with a predetermined reference, a unit for classifying the block to a standard bit class having a predetermined number of bits when the activity index of the block is equal to the reference, classifying the block to a low bit class having a smaller number of bits than the predetermined number of bits of the standard bit class when the activity index of the block is smaller than the reference, and classifying the block to a high bit class having a larger number of bits than the predetermined number of bits of the standard bit class when the activity index is larger than the reference, a quantization unit for quantizing the input signal of the block with the number of bits designated by the bit class, a unit for selecting the block of the low bit class from the quantized blocks, an allocation unit for adding to the selected block of the low bit class the data having more bits than the number of bits of the standard bit class of the block of the quantized high bit class, and an encoder unit for encoding the quantized block signal.