ApplicationNo. 06/381829 filed on 05/24/1982
US Classes:137/561A, Non-valved flow dividers266/48MEANS FOR CUTTING SOLID METAL WITH HEAT, E.G., BLOWPIPES
ExaminersPrimary: Chambers, A. Michael
Attorney, Agent or Firm
International ClassF23D 14/46 (20060101)
DescriptionBACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
The invention relates to gas flow distribution manifolds. More particularly this invention relates to gas flow distribution manifolds having equal flow to each of a plurality of outlets. The manifold distributes oxygen gas equally to each of aplurality of cutting torches known as burn bars for thermochemically cutting holes in thick metal objects.
Heretofore, gaining access to the interior of closed containers having no available access thereto, and the cutting of relatively large holes in thick steel plates has been accomplished with oxyacetylene cutting system to heat and rapidly oxidizethe metal by introducing oxygen into the flame. This method requires the use of a fuel such as acetylene and associated piping and undivided fuel and oxygen flow regulation and distribution means.
Another method of cutting holes in thick steel objects is by thermochemically eroding the metal by heating the metal and introducing oxygen gas to a torch known as a burn bar. A plurality of burn bars can be arranged so that the holes burned byadjacent torches overlap as the metal erodes, leaving a single hole of the desired size. So that a hole of maximum uniform size can be cut with the fewest number of burn bars, it is essential that each adjacent hole be as nearly equal in size aspossible. If one or more of the torches burns a hole smaller than an adjacent torch, either the ultimate hole size desired will not be cut or additional torches must be added to assure that overlapping of the adjacent holes occurs. Equal cutting byeach torch requires that the flow of oxygen to each torch be equal.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
It is an object of the invention to provide for a distribution manifold that allows a given diameter hole to be thermochemically burned in a steel object using the fewest number of burn bar torches.
It is another object of the invention to provide for a gas distribution manifold that allows simultaneous and equal penetration of steel objects through thermochemical errosion of a plurality of adjacent holes.
Another object of the invention is to provide for a gas distribution manifold that supplies oxygen gas uniformly and equally to a plurality of burn bar torches.
The objects are achieved by providing for a manifold having a central plenum chamber for receiving oxygen gas and for distributing. The gas to each of a plurality of cross passages extending radially outward from the central plenum chamber toorifices sized to maintain sonic gas flow therethrough. The orifices discharge the oxygen to outlet chambers wherein the individual burn bar torches are mounted. The orifices assure that the gas flow will be maintained uniform and equal between alltorches, thus resulting in simultaneity and equality of penetration.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING
FIG. 1 is a plan view of the distribution manifold.
FIG. 2 is a partial cross-sectional view of the manifold showing details of construction.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT
Shown in FIGS. 1 and 2 is a manifold 10 for distributing oxygen gas equally to each of a plurality of torches 11, one of which is shown in FIG. 2, known as burn bars. Body 12 is preferably cylindrical in shape and has a central plenum chamber 14for receiving oxygen gas from an external source, not shown. Inlet 16 is threaded for receiving an appropriate gas fitting, not shown. Body 12 has cross passages 18, 20, 22, 24, either drilled through body 12 or cast therein so that the inlet of eachpassage connects at right angles to central chamber 14. The cross passages are located radially and equally spaced around central plenum chamber 14.
Drilled or cast into body 12 perpendicularly from forward face 26 are outlet chambers, 28, 30, 32, 34. The outlet chambers are adapted to receive the burn bar torches and have inlets connected to orifices 36, 38, 40, 42. The orifices each havetheir inlets connected to one of the respective cross passages. The orifices are co-axially aligned with the outlet chambers and extend perpendicularly toward face 26. The orifices are sized so that the velocity of flow of the gas therethrough will besonic and therefore, the flow to and between each burn bar will be uniform and equal. Orifice diameters on the order of 0.110" to 0.116" for a gas inlet pressure on the order of 200 psig has been found to yield the desired uniform and equal gas flowbetween all outlets.
The number of outlet chambers, and therefore the number of orifices and cross passages, depends on the diameter of the hole to be burned. Likewise the location of the center of each outlet chamber as measured radially from the center of plenumchamber 14 is dependent on the diameter of the hole to be burned. Large diameter holes will require a greater number of torches than will small holes. The embodiment shown has four outlet chambers, orifices and cross passages but is not to beconsidered limited thereto. The advantageous qualities of the manifold disclosed herein lies in the fact that a hole of a given diameter can be burned in the fewer burn bars than heretofore possible, due to the increased uniformity and simultaneity ofpenetration achieved.
PREFERRED MODE OF OPERATION
In operation, inlet 16 is connected to an external supply of oxygen capable of maintaining a minimum pressure of 200 psig at the inlet. Burn bar torches are mounted into each outlet chamber and a source of heat for initiating the oxidation ofthe metal when the oxygen is introduced is provided between the burn bars and the workpiece. The introduction of a heat source and initiation of the burning process are well known in the field. The oxygen supply is initiated and oxygen flows intochamber 14 through the radial cross passages and is maintained at sonic velocity through the orifices. A uniform and equal flow of oxygen passes through the outlet chambers to each torch.
Having described the preferred embodiment and operation, other embodiments and modifications will come to the mind of one skilled in the art of gas flow manifolds. It is to be understood that this invention is not limited thereto and that saidembodiments and modifications are to be included in this the scope of the appended claims.