ApplicationNo. 05/558333 filed on 03/14/1975
US Classes:606/29, Tip in electrical circuit219/233, Tip in electrical circuit30/140With heater
ExaminersPrimary: Michell, Robert W.
Assistant: Thaler, Michael H.
Attorney, Agent or Firm
International ClassesA61B 18/04 (20060101)
A61B 18/20 (20060101)
A61B 18/28 (20060101)
A61B 18/08 (20060101)
G05D 23/24 (20060101)
G05D 23/20 (20060101)
A61B 18/14 (20060101)
A61B 18/00 (20060101)
A61B 19/00 (20060101)
AbstractThe cutting edge of a scalpel blade is heated to an elevated preselected constant operating temperature for cutting tissue with simultaneous hemostasis by dielectric heating of the internal structure of the blade in the region along the cutting edge. Selective heating of regions of the cutting edge that are locally cooled by contact with tissues during surgical cutting is provided for by constructing the heating elements of the blade of ferroelectric materials that have a Curie point in the operating temperature range and that provide large increases in loss factor (the product of relative dielectric constant times the ratio of loss current to charging current) for temperature decrements below the Curie point.