Method and apparatus for detecting timber defects
Tristimulus colorimeter for use in the fabrication of artificial teeth Patent #: 3986777
ApplicationNo. 05/767008 filed on 02/09/1977
US Classes:348/66, Dental250/559.08, With camera250/559.22, Profile356/239.1, Transparent or translucent material433/215, METHOD OR MATERIAL FOR TESTING, TREATING, RESTORING, OR REMOVING NATURAL TEETH433/29Having means to emit radiation or facilitate viewing of the work
ExaminersPrimary: Griffin, Robert L.
Assistant: Orsino, Joseph A.
Attorney, Agent or Firm
International ClassesA61B 5/00 (20060101)
G01N 21/47 (20060101)
AbstractA nondestructive method of and apparatus for optically detecting the presence of and inferentially determining the relative degree of anomalous subsurface structure in translucent articles: for instance, such anomalous subsurface structural phenomena as pre-carious lesions in in vivo teeth. Moreover, dynamic changes in the degree of such anomalous subsurface structure can be identified and relatively quantified. Thus, for instance, progressive subsurface deterioration of teeth can be monitored, and the efficacy of products directed towards arresting or reversing the development of pre-carious lesions in teeth can be evaluated through the use of the present invention. The method and apparatus of the present invention provide for illuminating a surface area of a translucent article with incident light, and detecting whether a sufficient portion of the light is internally diverted by being refracted or diffusely reflected or the like by the internal structure of the article to indicate whether the subsurface structure of the article is anomalous. Both in vivo and in vitro apparatuses are disclosed. Several species of hand-held probes for such applications as dental examinations are also disclosed. Manipulation of the hand-held probes is facilitated by flexible fiber optic cables. The apparatus may include closed circuit video and automatic data processing equipment to facilitate the use of the apparatus, and to facilitate the reduction and interpretation of the data derived from operating the apparatus. As used herein, the term light is not intended to be limited to the visible spectrum.